Vietnam is a socialist country under the leadership of the Vietnam Communist Party. The Party holds a national congress every five years to outline the country’s overall direction and future course as well as to formalize policies.
The National Assembly, which includes 498 members and is open to non-Party members, is the supreme organ of state and the only body with constitutional and legislative power. The President of the State and the Prime Minister are elected by the National Assembly.
The President has the right to nominate candidates for a number of key positions including the Chief Justice of the Supreme People’s Court and the Procurator-General of the People’s Office of Supervision and Control. Nominees are then approved by the National Assembly.
The Prime Minister, who is charged with the day-to-day handling of the Government, has the right to nominate and dismiss the members of his cabinet, though only with the approval of the National Assembly. He also has at his disposal the power to cancel or suspend decisions or directives issued by the ministries.
Secretary General Nong Duc Manh (since April 22, 2001)
Politburo, Central Committee
Secretariat Party Committee
The Communist Party of Vietnam, the vanguard of the Vietnam working class, the faithful representative of the rights and interests of the working class, the toiling people, and the whole nation, acting upon the Marxist – Leninist doctrine and Ho Chi Minh’s thought, is the force leading the State and society. All Party organizations operate within the framework of the Constitution and the law.
The State guarantees and unceasingly promotes the people’s mastery in all fields, and severely punishes all acts violating the interests of the motherland and the people; it strives to build a rich and strong country in which social justice prevails, all men have enough to eat and to wear, enjoy freedom, happiness, and all necessary conditions for complete development.
Chairman Nguyen Phu Trong
The National Assembly is the highest representative organ of the people and the highest organ of State power of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The National Assembly is the only organ with constitutional and legislative powers.
The National Assembly shall decide the fundamental domestic and foreign policies,the socio-economic tasks, the country’s national – defence and security issues, the essential principles governing the organization and activity of the State machinery, the social relations and the activities of the citizen.
The National Assembly shall exercise supreme control over all activities of the State.
Nguyen Minh Triet
Vice President Nguyen Thi Doan
Being the Head of State, the President represents Vietnam internally and externally; shall be elected by the National Assembly from among its members. He is responsible to the National Assembly for his work reports to it. His term of office follows that of the National Assembly.
Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung
First Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Sinh Hung
Deputy Prime Ministers Truong Vinh Trong, Pham Gia Khiem, Hoang Trung Hai and Nguyen Thien Nhan
Governmental office address: 1 Hoang Hoa Tham Str., Hanoi.
The Government is the executive organ of the National Assembly, the highest organ of state administration of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. It shall carry out overall management of the work for the fulfillment of the political, economic, cultural, social , national – defense, security and external duties of the State.
The Government shall ensure the effectiveness of the State apparatus from the center to the grassroots, ensure the respect for and implementation of the Constitution and the law; it shall promote the mastery of the people in national construction and defense, ensure security and improvement of the people’s material and cultural living conditions.The Government is accountable to the National Assembly and shall made its reports to the National Assembly, its Standing Committee, and the country’s President.
Standing Committee of the National Assembly
Chairman Nguyen Phu Trong
The Standing Committee of the National Assembly is its permanent Committee. It is composed of:
- The Chairman of the National Assembly;
- The Vice-Chairman of the National Assembly;
- The members.
The membership of the Standing Committee shall be determined by the National Assembly. A member of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly cannot be at the same time a member of the Government.
The Standing Committee of each legislature shall fulfil its tasks and exercise its powers until the election by the new legislature of a new Standing Committee.
Supreme People’s Court
Presiding Judge: Mr. Truong Hoa Binh
The Supreme People’s Court , the local People’s Courts, the Military Tribunals and the other tribunals established by law are thejudicial organs of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Under special circumstances,the National Assembly may decide to set up a Special Tribunal.At the grassroots appropriate popular organizations shall be set up to deal with minor offenses and disputes among the people according to the provisions of the law.
Trials before People’s Courts with the participation of people’s assessors and before Military Tribunals with the participation of military assessors shall be conducted in conformity with the provisions of the law. During a trial the assessors shall be on an footing with the judges. During a trial the judges and assessors are independent and shall only obey the law. The People’s Courts shall hold their hearings in public, except in cases determined by law.
Supreme People’s Procuracy
Head: Mr. Tran Quoc Vuong
The Supreme People’s Procuracy supervises and controls obedience to the law by Ministries, organ of ministerial rank, other organs under the Government, local organs of power, economic bodies, social organizations, people’s and armed units and citizens. It exercises the right to initiate public prosecution, ensures a serious and uniform implementation of the law.
The local Offices of Supreme People’s Procuracy, the Military Offices of Procuracy supervise and control obedience to the law exercise the right to initiate public prosecution within the bounds of their responsibilities as prescribed by law.